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Turquoise

 

"Turquoise" : Firouzeh Koubi

 

Firouzeh Koubi 

is one of the few handicrafts that has the beauty and attractiveness of a good handicraft product, which is said to be dating the industry about sixty years ago, at that time, a person called Yusuf Hakimyan known as Mohammad Reza In Mashhad, turquoise works began on adornments such as bracelets, flower chests, earrings, etc. And about twenty years later, the industry was taken by another industrialist named Haj Dadash from Mashhad to Isfahan.

In Isfahan, turquoise, besides jewelry in plates such as plates, glasses, flowering springs, etc., is also used, and some workers work at Haj Dadash and boys workshops in this field, even parts of the work (turquoise picking on Work) by women workers and craftsmen.

One of the next steps in the turquoise industry is the construction of the infrastructure, which is carried out at the Zargari workshop separately. Two of the Zargrian artisans who built the infrastructure for the Haj Dadash workshop have gradually entered the turquoise business and are now also working on turquoise.

Currently, the turquoise crafts industry is limited to only a few in Esfahan and industrialists in this field.

Stages of manufacturing and manufacturing of turquoise

A turquoise product, including jewelery or containers, is an object made of brass, silver, pomegranate or bronze copper, in which particles of turquoise particles are coated on some of its surfaces in mosaic form, and thus a special effect It is forgiven.

Making and processing such a product involves two general stages:

A) Zargari: Zargari is the fabrication and preparation of the object in question with one of the metals mentioned above. This work is done by the metalworker or metalworker by hand, by pressing, or by the help of both.

After creating the general form of the object, such as the container or ornaments, the part to be spun and the surrounding area should be placed and soldered in a thin metal string (of the type of metal of the object itself), called "puncturing", and to the point where Around the form, the so-called wall of a height of two to three millimeters can be found from the surface of the container. This is usually done by the goldsmith and sometimes by the turquoise engineer himself.

If the prepared part for turquoise occupies a lot of surface and the field looks empty, it will be soldered again with strings of the same smaller, finely painted metal, in the form of decorative (flower and bushes, etc.)

In addition to improving the shape of the turquoise, it complements the strength.

B. Turquoise: In the first place, Turquoise Engineers Buy Turquoise Workshops or Turquoise Mines of Mashhad, Neyshabur and Damghan.

Since these rocks are associated with the amount of soil and ordinary rocks, they are first separated and cleaned from other wastes. Then the granular crumbles are cut in size and so-called, so that each turquoise product can be used with turquoise pieces more appropriate to the turquoise work surface.

In the next step, the object is warmed (about 30 ° C) and, while heating on the parts to be turquoise, spray a "powdered lacquer" when the powder coating is almost melted and covers the corresponding surface.

While the lacquer is still mild and mild and has a tensile condition, some turquoise rubbers, which are pre-prepared in size, are required. The rocks must be arranged in such a way that there remains as much space as possible.

In order to fill the probable intervals between turquoise gems, heat increases slightly (about 40 ° C) and another amount of lacquer powder spills on the rocks until the lacquer layer melts and then tries to add smaller gems. So that the rocks are completely seated and sit on it, they usually do this with the help of the hand. In this way, they push the turquoise surface up to the surface to work well. After the object cooled, the lacquer parts become hard and firm. After this stage, the portions of lacquer and turquoise stone are submerged by the "Sub-Water" sandstone so that the additional parts of the varnish and minor bumps of the rocks are polished and polished. Here, turquoise gemstones are turquoise and lacquer is almost black (dark brown) in the distance between the rocks.

Upon completion of this step, if there are any openings in the parts of the surface of the work, they will again heat the object and repair them with fine-grained and powdered varnish and then grind and polish the work. . Sometimes they do the restoration with a kind of turquoise putty that is made with the "Mel" oil and the color of the lapis lazuli.

The last step in the turquoise is to pay a job that is done in two steps.

The first step is to pay for metallic parts made at a zigzagging or turning workshop, and a darker and darker layer made on metal parts made during turquoise operations, by hand tools or machined blades, and Then they polish these metal parts to make them clear and smooth.

The second step is the sale of turquoise products, which after the polishing of the metal parts of the object are again returned to the turquoise industrialist, where they polish the turquoise surfaces with olive oil or sesame oil, to make them clear and shiny To make

The turquoise manufacturer of industrial turbines also uses tools and tools, which mainly include mold, hammer, drill, gas lamp, gasoline lamp, gas nailer, pliers, pins, various steel pipes, sohan and stones is.

The important thing in turquoise is first and foremost the proper installation of turquoise on the metal, so that it has enough power and does not detach from the turquoise parts, and the more turbulent the turf is, the more expensive it is and the more rocky pieces in They are installed side by side and there is not much distance between turquoise parts. The work has more artistic value.

Firoozeh-kobi is one of the few handicrafts that has the beauty and attractiveness of a good handicraft product, which is said to be dating the industry about sixty years ago, at that time, a person called Yusuf Hakimyan known as Mohammad Reza In Mashhad, Turquoise began working on an ornament, such as bracelets, bracelets, earrings, etc. Twenty years later, the industry was taken by another industrialist named Haj Dadash from Mashhad to Isfahan.

In Isfahan turquoise, other than jewelry in plates, such as plates, glasses, spray and etc., are also used and

A number of workers work at Haj Dadash and boys workshops in this field; even parts of the work (turquoise picking on work) are carried out by women workers and artisans.

One of the next steps in the turquoise industry is the construction of the infrastructure, which is carried out at the Zargari workshop separately. Two of the Zargrian artisans who built the infrastructure for the Haj Dadash workshop have gradually entered the turquoise business and are now also working on turquoise.

Currently, the turquoise crafts industry is limited to only a few in Esfahan and industrialists in this field.

● Stages of construction and manufacturing of turquoise

A turquoise product, including zirconate or containers, is an object of brass, silver, platinum, or bronze that contains particles

And Turquoise Turquoise Turquoise on the parts of its surfaces are in the form of a mosaic, and thus a special effect is given to it.

Making and processing such a product involves two general stages:

A) Zargari: Zargari is the fabrication and preparation of the object in question with one of the metals mentioned above. This work is done by the metalworker or metalworker by hand, by pressing, or by the help of both.

After creating the general form of the object, whether it is a container or an ornament, specify the part to be rubbed and surround it a thin metal string (of the type of metal itself) (called "puncturing") and solder it to the part Around the form, the so-called wall of a height of two to three millimeters can be found from the surface of the container. This is usually done by the goldsmith and sometimes by the turquoise craftswoman.

If the prepared part for turquoise occupies a lot of surface and the field looks empty, it will be soldered again with strings of the same finely detailed smaller metal in the decorative form (flower, bush, etc.). .

In addition to improving the shape of the turquoise, it complements the strength.

B. Turquoise: In the first place, Turquoise Turquoise Turquoise Turquoise Turquoise Turquoise Turquoise Turquoise Engineers Buy Turquoise Workshops or Turquoise Mines of Mashhad, Neyshabur and Damghan.

Since these rocks are associated with the amount of soil and ordinary rocks, they are first separated and cleaned from other wastes. Then, the aggregates are finely divided in size to each other so that each turquoise product can be used to make turquoise pieces more suitable to the level of turquoise.

In the next step, the object is warmed (about 03 ° C) and, while heating on the parts that need to be turquoise, spray the "powder of the powder", so that the powder powder is almost melted and covers the corresponding surface of the respective part.

While the sieve is still soft and mild, and has a sticky effect, some turquoise rubbers, which are pre-prepared in size. The rocks must be arranged in such a way that they do not leave any distance between them.

In order to fill the probable intervals between turquoise gems, heat increases slightly (about 0 ° C) and another amount of soda powder spills on the rocks until the metal layer melts and then, by adding smaller gems, they try to The rocks are completely positioned and positioned on it, usually doing this with the help of the hand, so that the handles on the surface of the turquoise are pressed to fit well into the work surface. After the object cools, the parts of the sieve are hard And stiffened. After this stage, the parts covered with sieve and turquoise stone are made by "Saba" The additional parts of the sieve and the partial bumps of the rocks are polished and polished, where turquoise gemstones, turquoise and sieve, are almost black (dark brown) in the distance between the rocks.

Upon completion of this step, if there is an overlapping part of the surface of the work, it will again heat the object and repair it with fine particles and soda particles, and after that the surface will be sanded and polished. . Sometimes they do the restoration with a kind of turquoise putty that is made with the "Mel" oil and the color of the aljourd.

The last step in the turquoise is to pay a job that is done in two steps.

The first step is to pay for metal parts made at a zigzagging or turning workshop, and a dark and dull layer that was created on metal parts during turquoise operations, washed by hand tools or a grinding blade. Then they polish these metal parts to make them clear and smooth.

The second step is the sale of turquoise products, which after the polishing of the metal parts of the object are again returned to the turquoise industrialist, where they polish the turquoise surfaces with olive oil or sesame oil, to make them clear and shiny To make

The turquoise manufacturer of industrial turbines also uses tools and tools, which mainly include mold, hammer, drill, gas lamp, gasoline lamp, gas nailer, pliers, pins, various steel pipes, sohan and stones is.

The important thing in turquoise is first and foremost the proper installation of turquoise on the metal, so that it has enough power and does not detach from the turquoise parts, and the more turbulent the turf is, the more expensive it is and the more rocky pieces in They are installed side by side and there is not much distance between turquoise parts. The work has more artistic value.

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